How to teach them?
Interacting with them
Interacting with children needing special attention is very essential in order to speed up their learning process. Lack of proper interaction can hamper their learning and progress. So, as a teacher, you should interact with them in a friendly manner. Also it should be noted that, fulfilling their needs is possible only through planned strategies.
In many cases, it has been observed that, such students are not confident enough and have an inferiority complex. At this point, it is the duty of the teachers to teach them at their level of understanding. One should totally stop comparing them constantly with other bright students. Few words of encouragement can help in boosting their morale and confidence. Arranging for special classes is indeed a good idea. Try to make the sessions as interactive as possible. Illustrate your point by citing examples, which are relevant and can help them to easily understand the concepts.
It is important for you to see to it that, such children get plenty of opportunities to prove themselves. You should stand by them during their failures to make them feel that, they have the ability to perform better. Avoid criticizing them for their bad performances in front of other students. Whenever they do well, you should take notice of their performance, give them suitable awards, certificates, and prizes to encourage and motivate them. It is only through constant motivation that these children will succeed in future.
Teaching practical aspects
Apart from classroom teaching, you should also emphasize on practical learning sessions. This is because, by practical experience, they would be able to learn the concepts well. You can also arrange for outdoor sessions every week. Keeping a tab on their performance, improvements shown by them, and their personal inclination is very essential. The teacher should regularly be in contact with the parents of such children to chalk out plans for their advancement. Personal hygiene, cleanliness habits, ways of interacting with other people are some basic things, which must be a part of the program. Telling them what is right and what is wrong will make them a better person when they grow up. The values learned during childhood will always remain with them throughout their lives.
There are many examples of great people who had learning disabilities in their childhood, but have achieved great heights in their respective careers, due to proper guidance and coaching.